- Form a Company Now! +
- Services +
- Compare Prices +
- Learning Center +
- HBS Blog +
- Make Payments +
The officers of a Delaware corporation are appointed by the Board of Directors and are integral in the daily management and overall operations of a company. It is not uncommon, however, for the officers of a company to change as the business evolves.
The steps to remove an officer are fairly straightforward.
First, you want to review your Certificate of Incorporation (which is sometimes referred to colloquially as the Articles or the Charter) and by-laws. Any process that addresses removing officers is likely included in the by-laws. Usually, the by-laws gives the Board the power to appoint and remove officers. Even if that power is not given expressly to the Board in the by-laws, the Board has ultimate authority over the corporation.
The next step is obtain consent from the Board to make the proposed change. You might choose to call a meeting of the Board in accordance with the by-laws. An easier route is to seek the written consent of the Board of Directors to take action rather than holding a meeting. Generally, a corporation gives itself the power to act through written consent in its Certificate of Incorporation or by-laws, rather than through a meeting. A written consent is far faster because no notice is required and there are no additional formalities. Your Certificate of Incorporation or by-laws will state whether action by written consent requires unanimity among directors, or whether an action taken by written consent requires only the same approval as would be the case at a meeting of directors.
We have included a template to show what a written consent may look like, but you must change or alter the template to suit your company’s needs. The template is generic, and is not tailored to any specific circumstances. In addition, Harvard Business Services is not a law firm, and providing this generic template does not constitute legal advice, and nothing herein or available to you will create any attorney-client relationship between you and Harvard. We will not need to see the consent, and it is not filed with or reviewed by the State of Delaware; the consent is solely for your company’s records. The consent names the officer(s) to be removed. It can, but need not, name a replacement for that officer if the position need not be filled at that moment or if the hiring process is not yet complete. If the position is not integral to the company’s operation, the role need not be filled at all.
Typically, the consent states that the board is terminating any employment agreement that the officer or officers have entered into with the company. The employment agreement may include additional process requirements before filing. The company may also need to terminate any other arrangements the officer has with the company after checking the terms of those arrangements, such as equity compensation grants. Termination of an officer who has received such grants can result in vesting of yet-unvested awards as well as a cash out, and the requirements under a company’s equity incentive plan or grants may vary depending on whether termination was “for cause” or “not for cause”.
The consent usually lists the reason for the termination. The consent may give the non-terminated officers and employees the ability to carry out the purpose and actions required to facilitate the consent.
If appointing a new officer, the consent (or a subsequent consent) approves the form of any new employment agreement or any other documents that must be executed by the new officer.
Once each director reviews the written consent and executes it, it is kept with the minutes and other actions of the Board.
Finally, the officers send any termination letter, follow any termination procedures, and take any additional steps required to oust the officer in furtherance of the stated decisions in the consent.
A change of the officer is not filed or recorded with Delaware Division of Corporations. Every Delaware corporation is required to file an Annual Report on or before March 1 of each year and, in doing so, must list the names and addresses of the company's current directors and at least one officer at that time.
Step 1: Review Certificate of Incorporation and by-laws for rules and processes for removing and/or replacing an officer.
Step 2: Obtain written consent from the Board of Directors to proceed with the change. If a new officer is being named, this can also be included in the consent.
Step 3: Review any required steps or other actions that must be taken at termination under agreements with the officer (such as an employment agreement) or grants of equity, if any, which can result in a number of scenarios depending on the language used in the grant or in the equity policies.
Step 4: Notify the terminated officer as required by the by-laws or any other agreement and terminate any agreements and arrangements their removal requires.
Step 5: Designate a replacement for the officer (or not, as appropriate) or delegate his or her previous functions among other officers and employees.
*Disclaimer*: Harvard Business Services, Inc. is neither a law firm nor an accounting firm and, even in cases where the author is an attorney, or a tax professional, nothing in this article constitutes legal or tax advice. This article provides general commentary on, and analysis of, the subject addressed. We strongly advise that you consult an attorney or tax professional to receive legal or tax guidance tailored to your specific circumstances. Any action taken or not taken based on this article is at your own risk. If an article cites or provides a link to third-party sources or websites, Harvard Business Services, Inc. is not responsible for and makes no representations regarding such source’s content or accuracy. Opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of Harvard Business Services, Inc.
There is 1 comment left for How to Remove an Officer in a Delaware CorporationKidsToys said: Wednesday, January 22, 2020
How to transfer the Delaware Business to another state? What is the procedure?HBS Staff replied: Thursday, January 23, 2020
This is not a service we provide. We can assist with converting a company to a Delaware company, but not to another state.