EIN vs ITIN: What's the Difference?

By Brett Melson Tuesday, May 15, 2018

ein vs itinThere are many numbers that are used to identify ourselves and our corporations or LLCs, such as a Social Security number, driver's license number, passport number, DUNS number and EIN (Employer Identification Number).

Many business owners and employees wonder about the differences between the Federal Employer Tax ID number (EIN) and the individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN).

The Federal Tax ID Number, known as an EIN, is an identification number used by the IRS to administer tax laws. The Federal Tax ID Number is used to identify an entity to the IRS, banks and other businesses.

Think of this number as the social security number for a business. This number is typically needed to operate your business in the United States, do banking in the United States, hire employees and file taxes with the IRS.

The individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) is a tax number only available to certain non-U.S. residents and resident aliens and their spouses and dependents who are not able to obtain a social security number (SSN). ITINs always start with a "9" and are typically formatted like a Social Security number: 9xx-xx-xxxx.

The ITIN is needed by many non-U.S. residents who form a Delaware corporation or LLC. If there is a tax filing requirement with the IRS, an ITIN is needed.

For example, if a company has U.S. source income and profits or losses that flow through to the member or shareholder, owners typically need to obtain an ITIN in order to complete a tax filing with the IRS.

ITINs are issued regardless of immigration status because both resident and non-resident aliens may have a U.S. filing or reporting requirement under the Internal Revenue Code.

We are able to form a new Delaware entity and obtain a Tax ID number for both U.S. and non-U.S. clients quickly and easily.

We are unfortunately unable to obtain an ITIN for you. However, we are happy to refer you to Seaford Management LLC, which is a Certifying Acceptance Agent with the IRS. They can file your application to obtain in ITIN number.

If you have any quesitons about obtaining an ITIN, or if you would like to get an ITIN, you can email Seaford Management LLC or call them at (302) 990-9003. They offer services in both English and Spanish.

Disclaimer

THE AUTHOR OF THIS BLOG ARTICLE IS NOT A LAWYER AND HARVARD BUSINESS SERVICES, INC. IS NOT A LAW FIRM. THE ARTICLE ABOVE IS NOT INTENDED AS LEGAL ADVICE AND SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN AS LEGAL ADVICE. THIS SHORT ARTICLE IS STRICTLY TO MENTION SOME ASPECTS OF DELAWARE’S CORPORATION LAWS AND/OR LAWS RELATING TO OTHER FORMS OF ENTITIES WHICH YOU MAY NOT BE FAMILIAR WITH. WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU CONSULT WITH A LAWYER BEFORE FORMULATING A STRATEGY WHICH WILL BE SUITABLE FOR YOUR SPECIFIC CASE.

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There are 4 comments left for EIN vs ITIN: What's the Difference?

Andreina said: Tuesday, September 25, 2018

This is more of a question? I have an ITIN number already... I need to know if I'm able to use it to apply for an apartment or maybe purchase a car... Or is it only for taxes? And if I'm not working.. how do I go about filing.. or may the pertim staying with use it on there taxes? So many more questions not enough time.. would love your help and advice...

HBS Staff replied: Thursday, September 27, 2018

We can't provide advice on how to use your ITIN except that any vendor or agent requesting a tax ID will be able to tell you if the ITIN is sufficient or if they need a personal Tax ID. We encourage you to check with a tax professional if you have specific questions about where you can use your ITIN.

Katia said: Saturday, May 26, 2018

Hi!! If i want to form a new LLC, and im not a US resident. Do I need to Get an ITIN number to start the LLC? I mean the ITIN Is required before or as a part of the files needed to obtain the EIN and Open a business Bank acount? And, do you could help us un the end-to-end process to start a new LLC? Do You have spanish support? Thanks

HBS Staff replied: Tuesday, May 29, 2018

We can best answer those questions for you if you call 1-800-345-2677 during business hours 9-5 EST. Ask to speak to Alex Oliveras, as he speaks Spanish.

Amaia said: Friday, March 9, 2018

Hello, My friend has an ITIN number only. For tax purposes he needs to know is his ITIN has to go on the SSN field or on the FEIN field? I have been asking for everywhere, but no answer. Even the IRS info does not address this issue. Maybe you know...I hope! Thank you.

HBS Staff replied: Monday, March 12, 2018

Which form are you referring to? It is unclear in your question.

Emmanuel Darkadakis said: Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Hi All, I think about forming an LLC in Delaware to operate as a holding company for one or more businesses located & working in EU- no transactions in USA or with USA-based firms some have EU affiliates however. My questions are: a do I need an ITIN or EIN there will be no operations in USA of any kind?, b can you assist in opening a bank account in USA or UAE? c will I have to pay taxes for the LLC or myself in the US?

HBS Staff replied: Wednesday, January 18, 2017

We would be happy to assist you in the forming of a Delaware LLC. A company is often only required to get an EIN if the company is operating lawful business activities in the U.S., opening a U.S. bank account or hiring U.S. citizens for employment. Every bank and banker is different as far as what they require to open a bank account.

At this time, we cannot assist you with opening a bank account. If you’re looking to open a U.S. bank account, the bank will require you to go into the bank in person, with a copy of your company's Certificate of Formation and Federal Tax ID Number (EIN). Generally, a Non U.S. citizen with a non U.S. source of income does not pay federal income tax.

 

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