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EIN vs ITIN: What's the Difference?
Companies Served Since 1981

EIN vs ITIN: What's the Difference?


By Brett Melson Tuesday, December 13, 2016

ein vs itinThere are many numbers that are used to identify ourselves and our corporations or LLCs, such as a Social Security number, driver's license number, passport number, DUNS number and EIN (Employer Identification Number).

 

Many business owners and employees wonder about the differences between the Federal Employer Tax ID number (EIN) and the individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN).

 

The Federal Tax ID Number, known as an EIN, is an identification number used by the IRS to administer tax laws. The Federal Tax ID Number is used to identify an entity to the IRS, banks and other businesses.

 

Think of this number as the social security number for a business. This number is typically needed to operate your business in the United States, do banking in the United States, hire employees and file taxes with the IRS.

 

The individual taxpayer identification number (ITIN) is a tax number only available to certain non-U.S. residents and resident aliens and their spouses and dependents who are not able to obtain a social security number (SSN). ITINs always start with a "9" and are typically formatted like a Social Security number: 9xx-xx-xxxx.

 

The ITIN is needed by many non-U.S. residents who form a Delaware corporation or LLC. If there is a tax filing requirement with the IRS, an ITIN is needed.

 

For example, if a company has U.S. source income and profits or losses that flow through to the member or shareholder, owners typically need to obtain an ITIN in order to complete a tax filing with the IRS.

 

ITINs are issued regardless of immigration status because both resident and non-resident aliens may have a U.S. filing or reporting requirement under the Internal Revenue Code.

 

We are able to form a new Delaware entity and obtain a Tax ID number for both U.S. and non-U.S. clients quickly and easily.

 

We are unfortunately unable to obtain an ITIN for you. However, we are happy to refer you to Seaford Management LLC, which is a Certifying Acceptance Agent with the IRS. They can file your application to obtain in ITIN number.

 

If you have any quesitons about obtaining an ITIN, or if you would like to get an ITIN, you can email Seaford Management LLC or call them at (302) 990-9003. They offer services in both English and Spanish.

 

More By Brett Melson

 

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There is 1 comment left for EIN vs ITIN: What's the Difference?

Emmanuel Darkadakis says: Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Hi All, I think about forming an LLC in Delaware to operate as a holding company for one or more businesses located & working in EU- no transactions in USA or with USA-based firms some have EU affiliates however. My questions are: a do I need an ITIN or EIN there will be no operations in USA of any kind?, b can you assist in opening a bank account in USA or UAE? c will I have to pay taxes for the LLC or myself in the US?

HBS Staff replied: Wednesday, January 18, 2017

We would be happy to assist you in the forming of a Delaware LLC. A company is often only required to get an EIN if the company is operating lawful business activities in the U.S., opening a U.S. bank account or hiring U.S. citizens for employment. Every bank and banker is different as far as what they require to open a bank account.

At this time, we cannot assist you with opening a bank account. If you’re looking to open a U.S. bank account, the bank will require you to go into the bank in person, with a copy of your company's Certificate of Formation and Federal Tax ID Number (EIN). Generally, a Non U.S. citizen with a non U.S. source of income does not pay federal income tax.

 

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