Operating Multiple Businesses Under One LLC

By HBS Tuesday, September 18, 2018

can i operate multiple llcs under one llc?

You have amazing ideas for new businesses. You’re ready to incorporate in order to protect yourself and your personal assets, and you’ve decided it’s time to take the next step and create an LLC holding company for your various endeavors.

Then, the questions swirl:

  • What type of business activity can I conduct with my LLC?
  • How many different businesses can I operate under one LLC?
  • Should I set up DBAs?
  • Should I create a separate LLC for each project?
  • Will a series LLC work for me, or should I stick to multiple, traditional LLCs?

By now, it’s common knowledge that Delaware is the gold standard when it comes to forming an LLC, LP, or Corporation. The Delaware LLC is by far the most popular entity type for most entrepreneurs building a startup.

As a result, people often wonder if they can operate multiple LLCs under one LLC holding company. 

how to structure multiple businesses

Structuring Multiple Businesses Under One "Umbrella" LLC

For example, let's pretend a business owner has a trucking business incorporated as an LLC but after some time, he/she may also want to offer real estate services.

These are two completely different types of businesses, so it raises the question of whether or not the owner can provide both services under one LLC. Part of the consideration is, naturally, wanting to avoid additional costs for maintaining another LLC.

The answer is yes--it is possible and permissible to operate multiple businesses under one LLC. Many entrepreneurs who opt to do this use what is called a "Fictitious Name Statement" or a "DBA" (also known as a "Doing Business As") to operate an additional business under a different name.

However, just because it’s permissible and possible to operate several different types of businesses under one company (LLC or corporation) doesn't mean you should, as there can be downsides.

For example, if a lawsuit is filed against any one of the businesses, the assets of the others could be at stake. The result is that you put yourself at a higher degree of liability risk. In other words, if one of the pieces (businesses) within the LLC were to be held liable, then so could the entire LLC. 

Instead, many people opt to file a new LLC for each of their start-up ventures. This isolates the risk by separating each business's debts and liabilities. There are, of course, additional maintenance fees, but these can be well worth it in order to protect your businesses.

What About a Series LLC?

Some people explore the low-cost series LLC when they want to operate several different businesses, which is very enticing since there is only one annual Franchise Tax payment to the state of Delaware and one annual Registered Agent Fee.

However, the structure of this business entity is relatively new and unproven, so there are often many hurdles that arise when dealing with a series LLC. It is generally considered safer and smarter for people to keep their business ventures completely separate from one another by forming an LLC for each aspect of a business; in essence, what you are doing is creating one Delaware LLC as a holding company, and other, individual LLCs within it, yet separate from it. 

Separate LLCs for Separate Businesses

As it stands today, the battle-tested, proven practice of creating individual LLCs that are formed for every variant of a business is traditionally still the most highly recommended strategy by tax professionals, attorneys and business consultants all over the world.

This means that for every sector of the business, for each product line, for every service provided, for each piece of real estate held, clients will often consider creating separate, traditional LLCs. Doing so ensures that the assets, debts, and liabilities of each LLC are completely disconnected and shielded from one another in the event of any possible litigation.

When establishing multiple LLCs, it can be extremely helpful to develop a blueprint hierarchy that will coincide with the relationship of the respective LLCs. For example, people typically set up numerous LLCs for real estate development.

This framework often consists of one parent LLC at the top of the hierarchy—let’s call it ABC Holding Company, LLC. People then typically create multiple sibling LLCs, one for each piece of actual real estate—let’s call them ABC Real Estate 1, LLC; ABC Real Estate 2, LLC; and ABC Real Estate 3, LLC.

Each LLC may own, manage and be responsible for a single piece of property; thus, while all the LLCs share the same holding company—ABC Holding Company, LLC—and may possess similar structures, ownership interests, assets and liabilities, they are insulated and shielded from one another in order to protect the properties and resources of each individual LLC.

This is also considered a smart, strategic way to further protect your personal assets from your LLCs.

If you would like more information or have any questions about forming your own companies, please contact us by phone (800-345-2677), Skype (DelawareInc), email or live chat. One of our knowledgeable business startup specialists will be happy to assist you.

Next: How to Create and Use a DBA

*Disclaimer*: Harvard Business Services, Inc. is neither a law firm nor an accounting firm and, even in cases where the author is an attorney, or a tax professional, nothing in this article constitutes legal or tax advice. This article provides general commentary on, and analysis of, the subject addressed. We strongly advise that you consult an attorney or tax professional to receive legal or tax guidance tailored to your specific circumstances. Any action taken or not taken based on this article is at your own risk. If an article cites or provides a link to third-party sources or websites, Harvard Business Services, Inc. is not responsible for and makes no representations regarding such source’s content or accuracy. Opinions expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect those of Harvard Business Services, Inc.

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There are 18 comments left for Can I Operate Multiple Businesses Under One LLC?

Trekmovers said: Friday, September 6, 2019

For example, if you ran an editing business using the same LLC that operates your dog walking business, and one of the dogs you're walking gets injured while under your care, it's not just the assets and income of your dog walking business that will be exposed to liability the assets and income belonging to your editing business, which has nothing to do with your dog walking business other than being run within the same LLC, will also be exposed to any legal claims which might be filed against your dog walking company as a result of the incident.

Luis said: Thursday, June 6, 2019

Hola, si uno vive en otro país distinto de USA registra una LLC unipersonal en Delaware y bajo esa LLC quiere operar varios sitios web distintos uno de otros para e-commerce que vende a todo USA y el mundo, es necesario obtener un EIN para cada sitio y un DBA para cada sitio también? Ej: Mascotas.com / AsesoriosAutos.com / AlquilerDeCasas.com, etc Considerando su respuesta, cada sitio debería tener una cuenta bancaria diferente o la cuenta bancaria se abre para la LLC mas allá de los distintos sitios web que opere ? muchas gracias, saludos!

HBS Staff replied: Friday, June 7, 2019

Hola! Muchas gracias por visitar nuestra pagina, es un placer asistir con sus preguntas. Una LLC puede tener mas de un sitio web bajo una LLC. Si es que va recibir pagos al nombre de distintos sitios web, quisa sea necesario obtener un DBA por medio de su jurisdiccion de operacion.

Normalmente, los clientes si obtienen el EIN, ya que es un requisito para la cuenta bancaria. El EIN es especifico a una LLC solamente.

Cynthia Clyde said: Monday, August 20, 2018

Is this only for the state of Delaware? Is the same true for Virginia?

HBS Staff replied: Friday, August 24, 2018

Cynthia, this information is specific to the State of Delaware.

Mary Kaeser said: Tuesday, July 17, 2018

I’m a contract RN and I have an LLC for that business. I’m thinking about doing a Nursjng Agency job as a second job. Is it ok to use the same EIN number for both places since the both are nursing? What is I pick up a third nursing job, would that also be ok to use same EIN?

HBS Staff replied: Wednesday, July 18, 2018

If you are using the same company name for all your businesses, then you can use the same EIN; howerver, if you have different names for your businesses, you will need to apply for additional EINs. Every company must have its own EIN.

Brandon Santee said: Thursday, May 17, 2018

Does a LLC and A DBA require two separate EIN numbers?

HBS Staff replied: Monday, May 21, 2018

When you apply for an EIN, there is a line on the application for a DBA, so you can name your DBA and your LLC on the same form, thereby only needing one EIN number.

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