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There are several advantages to a Delaware series LLC, which is why so many people inquire about the structure of the Delaware series LLC.
In a series LLC, owners need only form one LLC; they can then establish any number of separate series internally, without any additional expenses for the creation of an these individual series.
Regardless of how many entities are contained in your Delaware series LLC, there is just one Delaware Registered Agent Fee and just one Delaware annual Franchise Tax payment of $300.
Each series can hold its own assets, have its own members, conduct its own operations and pursue different business objectives, yet all of the series remain insulated from claims of members, creditors or litigants pursuing assets or asserting claims against any of the other series.
The structure, which has been likened to a piece of honeycomb, has existed for years, but there are still some unknown factors about the Delaware series LLC. The legal separation of the assets and liabilities of each series has not been tested in court.
The United States federal tax treatment afforded to individual series is still uncertain as well. Even though Delaware law clearly provides for the legal separation of each series, it is unclear whether courts and/or jurisdictions in other states would recognize a legal separation of liabilities and assets within what is essentially a single entity.
In addition, other states have not provided concrete guidance on the effect of the series' distinction in regard to state taxes. Furthermore, many banks are not familiar with the series LLC structure and have difficulty comprehending that each series can open up its own bank account.
This is often the biggest hurdle for business owners, as most banks just do not understand the Delaware LLC structure and thus do not know how to open separate bank accounts for each series contained in a single LLC.
Should the owners of a series LLC need to seek council or tax advice, it may be difficult, as many attorneys and accountants are still unfamiliar with the structure and therefore cannot provide competent assistance. Regulations on the taxation of the series LLC were proposed back in 2010; however, there is still minimal guidance on how these entities are to be taxed.
Due to the uncertainty of these issues, some people opt to form their new LLC as a series LLC but simply hold off on using the individual series until the myriad issues mentioned above are clarified, and attorneys, accountants and other states become more familiar with the unique structure of the Delaware series LLC.
This way, the series LLC is ready to be utilized in the future and it will not be necessary to amend the Certificate of Formation to allow for the series LLC structure.
[Please note: As of August 2019, Delaware has amended its Series LLC law. All information in this article pertains to what is now known as a Protected Series LLC, as opposed to the newly introduced Registered Series LLC.]
THE AUTHOR OF THIS BLOG ARTICLE IS NOT A LAWYER AND HARVARD BUSINESS SERVICES, INC. IS NOT A LAW FIRM. THE ARTICLE ABOVE IS NOT INTENDED AS LEGAL ADVICE AND SHOULD NOT BE TAKEN AS LEGAL ADVICE. THIS SHORT ARTICLE IS STRICTLY TO MENTION SOME ASPECTS OF DELAWARE’S CORPORATION LAWS AND/OR LAWS RELATING TO OTHER FORMS OF ENTITIES WHICH YOU MAY NOT BE FAMILIAR WITH. WE RECOMMEND THAT YOU CONSULT WITH A LAWYER BEFORE FORMULATING A STRATEGY WHICH WILL BE SUITABLE FOR YOUR SPECIFIC CASE.
There are 2 comments left for Advantages & Disadvantages of a Delaware Series LLCMaxime Telemaque said: Sunday, December 17, 2017
How to form a multi member Dealware offshore LLC in Massachausets with one us resident owner and four owners living in Latin American region?HBS Staff replied: Tuesday, December 19, 2017
Please click here for detailed information on the formation process, banking, taxes and much more information specific to our non--U.S. clients. Feel free to call us via Skype at DelawareInc or 302 645 7400, Ext 6900 and a live person will answer right awayto assist you.Vito De Marco said: Thursday, November 24, 2016
If I form a Delaware series LLC is this considered by the IRS as a pass thru income tax as individual? Also I am looking to put the Delaware LLC in a Nevada Asset Protection Trust.HBS Staff replied: Monday, November 28, 2016
Usually each individual series can elect a tax classification that best suits it. Typically, for tax purposes, the IRS considers a single-member LLC a disregarded entity and a multi-member LLC a partnership. However, since there is a lot of confusion surrounding the Series LLC, it is best to consult your tax profiessional.